You can keep a variety of canary bird species as pets. Canaries are particularly well-liked due to their small size, attractive appearance, superior singing ability, and simplicity of care. I'll list 11 canary species for you to learn about in this article.
|Canary Birds: The Different Canary Birds Types You Should Know About|
You should be familiar with canaries if you like birds. The singing and general beauty of these magnificent birds have earned them fame. However, they are distinguished by more than just their ability to sing amazing songs. And when it comes to birds, here is where the majority of breeders express their interest.
About Canary Birds
Three categories can be used to classify the canaries:
- Those who were bred and raised for their color.
- Those that were bred for their appearance or shape.
- Those that were bred and raised for their songs.
The majority of breeders that deal with these birds are typically more concerned with these birds' size, form, and shape than with their songs or feather colors.
Canary birds are perhaps one of the most common pet finch species despite their physical variations. These colorful birds originated on the Canaries, a group of tiny islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of West Africa.
Along with the island of Madeira and the Azores (not part of the Canaries), they are also widespread in La Gomera, Tenerife, and La Palma. Additionally, Morocco, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico all have a few wild species (introduced here in 1911).
Mountains and woods are their natural habitats, although they may thrive in any environment. Canaries of various varieties have so far been bred by humans for about the past 200 years. Serinus Canaria Domesticus is the name given to a subspecies of these pet birds.
Canaries Were Actually Brought Into Coal Mines
Like a canary in a coal mine is an expression you may have heard, but it actually has historical roots. The canaries were brought into coal mines at the beginning of the 20th century to act as early warning systems for leaks of toxic carbon monoxide and other harmful gases.
Your first instinct might be to assume that has something to do with the canary's lovely singing voice, but in reality, it has more to do with the fact that canaries are able to breathe in twice as much air every breath as people do.
This signifies that these talkative birds would exhibit poisoned symptoms considerably earlier than people, giving miners the chance to leave the mines before it was too late.
Which Canaries Sing the Best?
The singing Canary comes in several different forms. You are improbable to ever possess a bird whose song you dislike, and even birds that were bred for other characteristics (like form or color) will have pleasant sounds. To get an idea of the musical repertoire that awaits you when you bring the bird home, however, it's still highly rewarding to spend some time with the many birds that are offered.
Male Canaries can all sing, but those that were raised to sing will have the greatest musical ability. The Waterslager, German Roller, Russian Singer, Spanish Timbrado, and American Singer are the most popular varieties. The singing categories in the Canary show in Europe, North America, and Australia are dominated by these five. There are others, including the Middle Eastern and Iranian singer who is well-known in Iran.
13 Types of Canary Bird Varieties (With Pictures)
There are various canary bird variations that can be owned as pets; each variety was bred for the bird's shape and size rather than its singing ability or colors. Canaries do have both beauty and the ability to sing well, so this is not meant to imply that they lack one or the other. In addition to being wonderful pets, canaries don't need as much space or attention as many other animals, such as cats and dogs.
The following is a list of several canary bird species you might find interesting:
1. Atlantic Canary
Serinus canaria, the scientific name for the Atlantic Canary, is a member of the Fringillidae family. It resembles the tiny European Serin almost exactly. The Canary Islands are home to a huge population of these birds, which are native there. The most common breed of canary bird kept as a pet is the Atlantic Canary. Due to its lovely song, the Atlantic Canary can be identified from other Canary birds. The tune creates what is referred to as "liquid" notes.
The morphological characteristics of Atlantic Canary birds make them simple to recognize. They are between 10 and 12 cm long. Their wingspan ranges from 21 to 23.7 centimeters. The heads and underparts of males are primarily green and yellow. They have a slightly yellower face, supercilium, and forehead. However, the lower belly and undertail-coverts are pale in some way, with dark streaks visible on the sides. The upper parts also have a few dark streaks and seem yellow-green. A wild Atlantic canary's rump is a drab yellow color.
In general, females resemble males, although they have less yellow underparts and greyer, duller heads and breasts. The majority of juvenile Atlantic canaries are brown with a few dark streaks. Domestic ones are available in a variety of colors, including simple yellow, orange, and grey as well as brown and blue. They have certain traits that are curled. Atlantic canaries eat seeds and insects, although their young eat more insects. Straw, cobwebs, and moss are used to make their nest.
2. Blue Factor Canary
|Blue Factor Canary|
Most canaries in this group have distinguishing characteristics that make them stand out. They have a white or yellow base hue. Usually, some light tints these colors. the light tricks your eyes by making you see those colors.
This phenomenon occurs more frequently when the feather hooklets of the birds reflect a particular light wavelength in a way that produces the illusion of several colors.
On starlings or magpies, the colors created are typically purple and green tinges. The resulting color in most yellow-base canary birds is green, but in white canaries, it appears bluish-grey, hence the name Blue Factor Canary.
3. Cinnamon Canary
In England, cinnamon canaries were regarded as a distinct breed. To make their cinnamon color more noticeable, they were crossed with a particular breed of canary in the early 1900s, including Yorkshire, Norwich, and Border Canaries. The color intensity that brings forth the actual cinnamon color was not initially present in these canary breeds.
However, the Cinnamon Canary can be distinguished by several colors, including buff or yellow with a tint of cinnamon red. However, these birds' optimal color is a dark, blazing red-brown plumage with a little pinkish undertone and softer brown undertones. These unique canaries are highly prized for their exquisite feather quality. Cinnamon canaries are thought by some pet owners to have the best and smoothest feathers of all the canary breeds.
4. Crested Canary
Many pet owners and breeders appreciate crest canaries for their physical attributes. In contrast to their color or singing, their crests distinguish them from the others. One of the canary subspecies, this species has a tuft of feathers on the top of its head.
Due to their popularity in the past, crested canaries were seen as pets for the rich. They were therefore much more expensive than what the ordinary person could afford. Their population steadily decreased as a result of the strong demand from wealthier people.
Today, the majority of crested canaries come in a variety of colors, have good personalities, and have attractive appearances. They are roughly 17 cm long and have a body form close to bullfinches. A crested canary can stand up to a height of 16 cm at most. Their foreheads protrude from their small, broad heads. They have long, slender tails that are in line with their backs, and moderately long necks.
5. The Norwich Canary
|The Norwich Canary|
This medium-sized bird, sometimes known as the John Bull canary, is regarded as a delicate species. Compared to most canaries, they are cautious and reserved, yet they get along well with their human relatives and will willingly engage in musical conversation with anyone nearby. Green, yellow, or both can be seen in them!
6. Domestic Canary
Canaries are the common name for domestic canary birds. These birds are the domesticated form of canaries found in the wild. The Macaronesian Islands are their natural habitat. Before becoming popular elsewhere, these elegant pet birds were first bred and kept in the royal courts of Spain and England.
These magnificent birds are also known by the names Australian Plainhead, German Roller, Spanish Timbrado, and Spanish Roller. A domestic canary can reach a length of 12 to 20 cm as an individual. From white, red, and brown to black, yellow, and orange, their colors might differ. They also produce a variety of songs, such as trill, rolling, quiet, and loud melodies. Grass, fig seeds, and various plant components, including small insects, make up their food.
7. Parisian Frill
You can raise a variety of frilled canaries, but one of the most common varieties is the Parisian Frill. This bird has altered feathers that give the impression that it has just emerged from a windstorm. The feathers of this bird curl upward, outward, and inward. Some of the biggest Frill canaries are Parisian Frill canaries, which are descended from the Dutch Canaries. They can reach a height of eight inches!
8. Fife Fancy Canary
|Fife Fancy Canary|
Many pet owners throughout the world love this common variety of canary birds. It is a miniature version of the Border Canary, yet another kind of canary.
In the middle of the 20th century, the Fife Fancy Canary was first bred for its physical characteristics. Due to its name, the bird can be linked back to Fife, Scotland. Its length of 11.4 cm makes it the smallest canary bird species to now.
9. Gloster Canary
Gloster, which was originally named Gloucester, was born and raised in Gloucestershire, England. It is known as Gloster Canary for this reason. The first canary breeders appeared in the 19th century. Gloster is currently one of the most well-known display birds among people who love keeping pets. Due to its distinctive feature arrangement, its popularity really took off in the middle of the 1960s. The way the feathers were arranged gave the head the appearance of an avian Beatle.
The Gloster Canary is a little bird. It is around 12.1 cm long. It combines traits from the Crested Canaries, Hertz, and Border canaries. The fact that it portrays a feather "wig" also distinguishes it from other canary species. Due to the feather wig, it is classified among the group of birds known as Coronas. Unfortunately, due to their complicated genetic structure and inbreeding, Coronas cannot be bred together.
10. Border Fancy Canary
|Border Fancy Canary|
For a standard Border Fancy Canary, 14 centimeters is the appropriate length. These birds are tiny and compact. Their shiny, rounded bodies have feathers. The Scottish Canaries and the selectively bred English canaries are at a 60-degree angle.
Getting back to their plumes, these birds have soft, glossy feathers. Additionally, although they can be seen in a range of colors, their plumage is yellow. Buff green, white, or cinnamon that is either ticking or variegated are the colors available.
Border Fancy Canaries are vivacious cage birds that sing a wide range of beautiful tunes. Although they can be mistaken for Gloster Canaries, their distinctive and more intense "chopper"-like type song makes them easy to spot. Border Fancy Canaries are birds that are native to the North-England and South-Scotland region.
11. Red Factor Canary
|Red Factor Canary|
Due to their attractive colors, these birds also fall under the category of show birds. The Red Factor Canary is actually the yellow melanin-colored variation of other species of canaries. Only that they are red rather than yellow in color. Their primary color is red, and traces of dark pigmentation can be seen along with it.
In Conclusion: Canary Birds Types You Should Know About
At least you are knowledgeable about the various canary bird species. As you may have guessed, many people around the world consider these birds to be family pets. This is because they possess some of the most desired features that are absent from other birds.
But color, size, physical characteristics, and melodies are the characteristics that breeders and pet owners find most alluring. You may choose the kind of canary you wish to add to your collection of domestic pets with certainty if you've got this information in the back of your mind.